Acne introduction Millions worldwide have acne. It usually starts in youth and lasts throughout maturity. The skin develops pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and other imperfections. Sebaceous glands overproduce sebum, which causes it. Sebum buildup in hair follicles traps dead skin cells and microorganisms. Inflammation causes acne. Hormonal changes, especially during puberty, cause acne. Androgens like testosterone …

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gallstones introduction The gallbladder, a tiny pear-shaped organ underneath the liver, forms gallstones. The gallbladder stores liver-produced bile and releases it into the small intestine to help digest lipids. Cholesterol or bilirubin—a pigment released when red blood cells break down—make up gallstones. They range from sand grains to golf balls. Gallstones may be single or …

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Astigmatism introduction Astigmatism is a common eye condition that affects the way light enters the eye, resulting in blurred or mutilated vision. It is caused by an sporadic shape of the cornea or focal point, which are the straightforward structures at the front of the eye capable for centering light onto the retina. In a …

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traumatic brain injury (TBI)

traumatic brain injury introduction A blow, jolt, or penetrating head injury may induce traumatic brain injury (TBI). It is a complicated medical disorder that affects physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioural functioning.Falls, automobile accidents, sports injuries, assaults, and explosions may cause TBIs. TBIs vary in severity based on brain injury and impacted locations.Concussions, or mild TBIs, …

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erectile dysfunction

erectile dysfunction (ED)

erectile dysfunction introduction Impotence, or erectile dysfunction (ED), affects men of all ages. It means failing to get or keep an erection for sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction may have a major influence on a man’s self-esteem, relationships, and quality of life. Erectile dysfunction may be psychological or physical. Physical factors generally entail underlying health issues …

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concussion Introduction A concussion is a kind of TBI that causes brain damage after a violent hit or jolt. It is a frequent injury caused by falls, sports, automobile crashes, or forceful shaking.Concussions may cause chemical alterations and brain function disturbance. Concussions, which are minor traumatic brain injuries, may have serious impacts on a person’s …

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Endometriosis introduction Endometriosis, which affects the endometrium, is a persistent, painful disorder. Endometriosis causes this tissue to form on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and pelvic cavity lining. Sometimes it spreads beyond the pelvis. During menstruation, endometrial tissue swells, breaks down, and sheds as menstrual blood. In endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue acts similarly but cannot leave …

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Polycistic ovary syndrome

Polycistic ovary syndrome

Polycistic ovary syndrome introduction Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) affects reproductive-aged women. Ovaries, hormones, and metabolism symptoms characterise this prevalent endocrine disorder. PCOS affects women’s reproductive and general health. PCOS causes enlarged ovaries with cysts. Immature follicles that cannot release eggs form these cysts. PCOS causes irregular or nonexistent menstrual cycles, making it hard to conceive. …

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Chronic fatigue syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)

Chronic fatigue syndrome introduction Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), is a complicated and burdensome medical disorder that causes severe exhaustion that is not eased by rest and has no recognised cause. It’s a chronic ailment that affects everyday living.Chronic tiredness syndrome’s aetiology and diagnostic sign are unclear. Research shows that …

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